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    阅读成为家长眼中“拖油瓶”,或因缺乏科学阅读观h6pppaym

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    发表于 5 天前 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
    11月18日-19日,以早期阅读与更好的将来为主题的首届全国儿童早期阅读展开与教育峰会在深圳召开。峰集汇集国内外著名研讨学者、专家,以及一线的教育从业者与阅读推行公益机构。与会者盘绕如科学合理的推进儿童早期阅读展开了深化讨论。

    与会专家表示,目前,儿童的早期阅读关于孩子的学业乃至安康生长都至关重要。与欧美等国度相比,目前国内很多地域的儿童早期阅读乃至小学阶段的阅读的展开情况仍有不少差距。而就国内的情况而言,家长对阅读缺乏科学的认知和了解,或是摆在障碍孩子阅读才能提升方面的最大障碍。

    阅读边缘化现状亟待处理

    会议期间,阅读成为了与会专家学者关注的焦点。本届峰会的内容涵盖了儿童阅读教育研讨,阅读与言语展开,阅读才能的培育与指导战略,中美阅读教育政策、儿童家庭阅读教育情况等主题。

    如今世界上很多国度曾经将阅读作为一个教育的中心,很多研讨标明,课外阅读可以在很大程度上促进早期教育的展开。陕西师范大学教育实验经济研讨所研讨助理、陕西师范大学博士高秋风表示。

    据悉,目前在国际上有一种阅读的评价体系,叫做国际阅读素养评价(PIRLS)。它是由国际教育成就评鉴协会(IEA)组织的针对不同国度和地域儿童阅读才能的测评和比较研讨。PIRLS评价了世界上不同国度的四年级学生的阅读才能、阅读行为和阅读态度。而最近一次施行PIRLS的结果中,中国学生特别是中国乡村学生得分很低。

    阅读在中国乡村学校似乎有个坏名声,部分教育工作者和家长以为课外阅读对学业表现有负面影响。高秋风透露,很多教育工作者和父母以为阅读课外阅读,会对学生的成果产生负面影响。事实上,在很多国度阅读都被以为是言语学习的一门技术,不只是其他学科学习的根底,同时也和学生的创造力、学习兴味和幸福指数高度相关。

    据悉,不只仅是在乡村地域,在国内的很多城市致使是一线城市中,很多家长仍然没有对阅读有足够的注重。

    业内分析人士指出,很多欧美等国度是将阅读视为教育的中心,而关于孩子的阅读才能培训,更是从二年级或者是早于二年级就已开端了。但在国内的情况却不尽如人意。很多家长致使是为了帮孩子进步语文考试分数才想起来要给孩子报个阅读班,更不用说深度参与了。

    阅读直接关乎孩子学业和生长

    哈佛大学研讨团队研讨标明,阅读关于孩子的词汇展开、阅读了解、学业展开都有很大辅佐。哈佛大学教育学院的博士后研讨员陈思称,在最新的教育干预实验里对同卵双胞胎的追踪研讨中标明,家庭亲子阅读对儿童深层次的阅读了解才能、词汇展开等方面都提供了独立奉献超越20%的影响要素。

    美国哈佛大学教育研讨院早期阅读委员会主席、美国白宫学术内阁主席凯瑟琳斯诺以为,有很多研讨都标明,阅读特别是亲子阅读理论上关于儿童将来的展开是有极强的关联性。

    关于孩子来说,读一个词可能是比较艰难的,但是真正的艰难是在于去了解这个词的意义,去明白这个词到底指的是什么,并且去达成一种深化的带有评判认识的了解。这固然是一切的教育面临的最大的问题,但同时也是我们希望经过阅读来辅佐孩子控制的一个重要才能,而这种了解问题的才能关于孩子的将来生长至关重要。凯瑟琳斯诺强调。

    我们的研讨团队从深圳二十几所早教机构和幼儿园托班搜集到了1044个03岁儿童家庭的数据显现,均匀每个家庭具有汉语图画书47.3本、英语图画

    书10.9本。固然书籍不少,但是孩子真正花在阅读上的时间却并不多。研讨显现孩子均匀每天看电视花费 1.62个小时,而美国的同类研讨标明,相同年龄段孩子每天看电视超越半个小时便存在风险性。哈佛大学教育学院博士后研讨员陈思表示。

    家长陪伴孩子的阅读时间却非常有限,很多家长觉得给孩子买了很多书,就能帮其进步阅读素养,这是最大的误区。家长没有投入时间和肉体,严重缺失亲子阅读的理论,无法从本质上辅佐孩子真正进步阅读才能。阅读鸟阅读兴味班创始人赵鹏飞强调。

    北京大学语文教育研讨所所长、部编本新版小学语文教材总主编温儒敏倡导自由地读书,让阅读成为习气,而不能光是有目的性的阅读。他鼓舞海量阅读,加大课外阅读,读一些闲书,读一些深一点的书,这样才干培育起读书的兴味。

    家长的引导与参与缺一不可

    本次峰会倡议一切的父母,从0岁开端,和孩子一同阅读;倡议全社会共同关注早期阅读,让早期阅读成为儿童的权益。

    数据显现,目前家长在进步孩子阅读才能方面还存在着诸多缺乏之处,陪伴缺失是其中的一项。哈佛大学研讨团队从深圳二十几所早教机构和幼儿园托班搜集到的1044个03岁儿童家庭的数据表示,每天都可以和孩子一同看书的家长比例只要9%,一周26次的家庭也只要8%。而在英语国度同样类型的研讨中,哪怕是低收入家庭家长,每天保证和孩子一同阅读的占50%。

    假如一个家长可以指导孩子并和孩子一同阅读一本书,随着家长对这本书的引见逐步细致,讲解愈加丰厚的时分,你会发现你的孩子可以获得愈加成熟愈加深化的一个了解。凯瑟琳斯诺表示。

    在凯瑟琳斯诺看来,任何阅读的载体理论上都是一种媒介,而在进步孩子阅读素养方面,家长的观念和参与程度发挥着至关重要的作用。以图画书为例,一些孩子经过和家长一同阅读图画书的方式,获得了很多的学问。但理论上并不是图画书本身就可以产生这样重要的教育意义,而是家长和孩子盘绕图画书内容的对话、学问点的讨论以及亲子之间的互动发挥了教育作用。而图画书仅仅是个媒介和桥梁。

    据了解,目前绝大多数家长关于孩子阅读素养的认知和注重程度还很初级。而缺乏科学的阅读观念,也是很多家长存在的通病。

    阅读关于孩子的生长来说是不可或缺的一个部分,但目前绝大多数的家长仍然将阅读误以为仅仅是语文学习中的一个分支部分,并没有站在孩子生长的久远角度来对待阅读。赵鹏飞以为,经过阅读培育孩子的了解才能和获取学问的才能,关于孩子而言是终身受益的一种教育方式。

    业内专家指出,家长有了科学的阅读观之后,选择什么样的方式也很关键。除了经常带孩子到图书馆等阅读场所外,也可以经过让孩子参与一些有针对性的专业的阅读兴味班来逐步培育阅读兴味。阅读兴味班不是提分辅导班,阅读兴味班是可以经过对话式互动阅读,来辅佐孩子更好的了解和发现问题,而不是机械系的去记忆和背诵。赵鹏飞表示,对话式互动阅读可以对孩子的言语和读写的展开产生非常长期的并且是显著的影响。作为国内线上阅读兴味班的创始者,阅读鸟课堂上对话量是小学课堂的6倍以上,旨在经过中文分级阅读来科学选书等方式互动教学,让孩子更快爱上阅读,树立阅读习气。

    阅读兴味班的中心价值在于不只是经过对话式互动阅读教学快速进步孩子的阅读兴味,更重要的是经过科学的中文分级阅读引导,中止素质应试双培育。 2018/2/14 1:41:02
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